One of the places that you can visit while you are staying in Mysore is Srirangapatna. For a short while the city of Srirangapatna was the capital of the Mysore state, while Tippu Sultan was ruling Mysore. After the death of Tippu Sultan in 1799 the British shifted the capital back to Mysore and placed the child King Krishnaraja Wodeyar III on the throne of Mysore. Hence there are a number of places of historical importance associated with the reign of Tippu Sultan.
Srirangapatna is an island in the river Kaveri, about 14kms from
Mysore. In Srirangapatna is the Dariya Daulat Palace (Summer Palace)
that is set amidst beautiful gardens called Daria Daulat Bagh. Tippu
Sultan popularly known as the "Tiger of Mysore", built this
palace in 1784 and ruled Mysore from here for a short time after his
father Hyder Ali wrested power from the Wodeyars in the middle of the
The palace is built in the Indo-Sarcenic style in mostly made of
teakwood. The palace has a rectangular plan and is built on a raised
platform. There are open corridors along the four sides of the platform
with wooden pillars at the edges of the Plinth. The western and eastern
wings have walls the other two wings have recessed bays with pillars
supporting the roof. The four staircases are inconspicuous, built in the
four partition walls that divide the audience hall into four rooms at
four corners with a central hall connecting the eastern and western
corridors. The most stunning feature of the palace is that all the space
available on the walls, pillars, canopies and arches have colorful
frescoes. The outer walls of the palace have frescoes of the battle
scenes and portraits. The inner walls are decorated with scrolls of thin
foliage and floral patterns. The wooden ceilings of the palace are
pasted with canvas painted with floral patterns.
On the western wall are painting that depict the celebrated victory
achieved by Haider Ali and Tippu Sultan over the English lead by Col.
Bailee in the battle of Pollilur near Kanchipuram in 1780. The panels on
the left wing depict the armies led by Haider Ali and Tippu Sultan going
to battle and on the right wing Col. Bailee is shown seated in a
palanquin troubled, with the English army surrounding him, besieged by
the army of Tippu Sultan.
There is a painting at the extreme top right, of French soldiers led by
Lally, who are looking through a telescope. The top panels shows the
Nizam of Hyderabad and his army of horsemen and elephants arriving a
little too late to help his allies, the English. The eastern wall has
paintings in five rows representing the scenes of Darbars of different
contemporaries of Tippu Sultan including the Hindu Rani of Chitor, the
Raja of Tanjore, the Raja Benares, Balaji Rao II Peshwa, Magadi
Kepegowda and Madakari Nayaka of Chitradurga and Krishnaraja Wodeyar II.
On the top floor of the Daria Daulat Palace is the Tippu Sultan Museum.
It has a collection of Tippu memorabilia, European paintings and Persian
manuscripts. The museum has the famous painting "Storming of
Srirangapattanam" an oil painting by Sir Robert Ker Porter made in
1800. This historical painting depicts the final fall of Srirangapatana
on 4th May 1799. Tippu's men are seen giving stiff resistance to the
British army and many British officers are clearly visible in the
painting. In background behind the fort walls are seen parts of the
Palace and the minarets of the mosque. Close by is Tippu's fort that
lies in ruins now. It is in this fort that Tippu died fighting the
British. In the fort are the Jama Masjid and the Ranganathaswamy Temple.
Tippu's Palace the Lal Mahal lies in ruins nearby. Outside the fort is
the Gumbaz that contains Tippu's tomb, his father Haider Ali's tomb and
his mother's tomb.