The Jayachamarajendra Art Gallery in Mysore is considered one of the best art galleries in South India because of its excellent collection of paintings and artifacts that once belonged to the Wodeyars of Mysore. The three-storied Jaganmohan Palace was converted into this art gallery in 1875. The Jayachamarajendra art gallery has a remarkable collection of Rembrandt paintings. This collection is so unique that such works of Rembrandt can be found nowhere in the world except in Russia. The western collection section of the museum has works by master like P.P. Ruben, Titan, A. Caddy and miniature paintings by Gunoy.
The gallery also has the rare and valuable art collection made by Col.
Scott, a British Army Officer, who served in the British Army that
fought against Tippu Sultan. But this collection was shifted to
Srirangapatna in 1950. The gallery also boasts of a collection of
Gravure prints by Britsih Army officers showing details of the Mysore
wars against HyderAli and Tipu Sultan. One hall has exclusively been
used to display the exquisite works of the famous Kerala prince
-painter, Raja Ravi Varma. His paintings depict various incidents from
the epics and these paintings attract a huge number of visitors to the
On display at the gallery are traditional gold leaf paintings of the
Mysore, Bengal and European Schools. This collection includes
traditional paintings dating back to 1875. The other famous artists
whose works are displayed at the gallery include Nikolav Roerich of
Russia, Jiladin Ville of Germant, Sterling of England and Colton of
Italy. The Indian artists displayed include Mysore K. Venkatappa, Raja
Rama Varma who was the brother of Raja Ravi Verma, Ishwardas, Haldenkar,
Subbukrishna and M. Verappa. M. Ramanarasaiah was the Palace artist and
was responsible for the exhibits in the gallery. He was the curator of
the gallery for a long time and has made a number of paintings of the
Mysore royal family. Before him the renowned artist G. Venkatachalam was
The walls of the third floor of the gallery are covered with rich
colorful paintings relating to the reign of Krishnaraja Wodeyar III. On
one side is depicted his Dasara procession. The gallery has one of the
earliest authentic visual records of the Dasara celebrations in Mysore.
The painting depicts Krishnaraja Wodeyar III going in procession in a
charior drawn by elephants. On the adjacent wall a number of games are
depicted, that arouse the curiosity of the observer. Games displayed
include Devi Sayujya and Srikanta Sayujya, these games are played in
such a way as to direct the thoughts of the players towards heaven.
The game of Indian chess has been very well depicted on this wall.
Krishnaraja Wodeyar III was an expert at these games. He invented many
new games that are depicted in the art gallery. This gallery has an
excellent collection of musical instruments that is displayed on the
second floor. The Maharajas especially Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV used many
of these musical instruments. The gallery also houses some ornamental
furniture, glass and Chinaware, sculptures and photographs. The art
gallery is opposite the City Bus stand and at a walking distance from
the KSRTC bus stand or Main Bus Stand.